SOCIAL MEDIA

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Author:
Clinical Psychologist

Photo from here

"If there are two choices of news topic that you can read, the first talks about money politic or political corruptions, and the second talks about a child who wins regional competition, which topic would you prefer?"

" If we heard news from our colleagues about a man who committed suicide by jumping off from 30th floor of the building and a woman, Indonesia representative, who successfully speaks up her idea in front of the world, which one will steal our attention? Or more precise, which one will affect our emotion more?"

News is no more expensive for us. It was precious in the past, but not for today, after the rise of the internet. The internet not only provides speed (like only a millisecond), easy and cheap access, but also provides many topics of the news that we can consume. This choices gives us freedom  to enjoy "the news menu" according to our preference. The news producer cannot fully control our choice, however hard they try,  since the choices is ours. But why, even with this freedom, the negative news tends to make us curious and steal our attention more than the positive one? And why we react quicker to the negative news?

Marc Turssler and Stuart Soroka from Mc Gill University, Canada, try to answer the question by doing some research. The result speaks that people have a tendency to pay attention more to news with negative tones. Most of samples in the research decided to search and read negative news although no one told them to do so. The same result is coming from Cambrige University Press Data about Negativity in Democratic Politics. It concludes, from the data processing, that there is a significant sale improvement (about 30%) experienced by Macean's weekly newsstand magazine when it contains the negative news in it covers. The recent phenomenon emphasizes this result by showing us how the negative news like corruptions, disaster, prostitution, and many more attrack our attention, affect our emotion and also motivate us to react. So, why it happens that way?

Photo from here

Negativity bias - do people dedicate their attention to focus on negative things?

Negativity bias is a psychological principle of the power of negative things as the cause is more effective than the positive one. In simple words, the negatives steal our attention and affect ourselves more effectively than the positives. We only need one simple negative thing to ruin our mind and switch our attention from several positive things. We can apply this principle in many conditions. When someone is enjoying the party with her fellas (positive things) and all of the sudden feels sad only because realizing that some friend gossiping about her behind her back. She just ignores all the positive things only for one negative thing absorbed into her mind in a second. The other sample is a very common event, when someone decided to hate her/his mate only because she/he made a stupid mistake. This someone take all the negative things in her/his mate and forget all the positive things before. Those negativity biases also happen when we face news. We aware more of the negative news and we will try harder to understand it.

This tendency (why it occurs) explained by John T. Cacioppo in his research about brain performance when someone faces the negative and the positive news. According to the result, human brain shows the higher sensitivity when receiving negative information. Our brain reacts faster and stronger when receiving the negative news. This reaction comes naturally as the effort to protect ourselves. We need to process negative news and use it as a consideration to take a step to avoid the negatives. Thats why we pay more attention to it. In the past, people survived by avoiding dangers, so that human  brain conditioned to compile the news and make the avoidance strategy. Unconsciously, we believe that only by understanding the bad news we can avoid  bad things happen to us.

Photo from here

This explanation may direct us to believe that the negativity bias is necessary. But actually, it has some disadvantages, especially when we continue conditioned by it without any control from ourselves.  When we continue focusing on the negative news, we tend to overgeneralize the negative news as the current condition of the world, or worse, as the definition of our life. Finally we live in fear. We see everything in pessimistic perspective. Furthermore, some people take the advantage of negativity bias on the people around them to reach their goal. Fear mongering is coming from using the negativity bias as the strategy to get people attention. The fact spoke that many of us attached (attention or emotion) to the negatives. As the result, we choose to avoid the risk than to try the opportunity. In the end, negativity bias hinders our steps or even points us to take wrong steps.

All of these explanations aim us to take control of our focus on something. Aside from understanding about negativity bias, we need to control it by :

1.       Balancing the input received by our brain by paying attention to the positive news. Get used to search good news and let our brain understand and process it as a strength and a courage (two variables that we need to rise and shine). A neuropsychologist, Rick Hanson P.hD explained that  tilting towards is a strategy to control the negativity bias.
2.       Trying to enjoy and search for the meaning of every good news we get. It is not easy to empathize on something that has nothing to do with us, but it isn't a rocket science tho.
3.       Trying to stop spreading bad news, principally if there is no advantage that we can get from it. Except we may  spread fear to others by spreading negative news, we also sink our mind deeper in negativity.


Why Do People Dedicate Their Attention To Focus On Negative News?

11/03/19


Author:
Clinical Psychologist

Photo from here

"If there are two choices of news topic that you can read, the first talks about money politic or political corruptions, and the second talks about a child who wins regional competition, which topic would you prefer?"

" If we heard news from our colleagues about a man who committed suicide by jumping off from 30th floor of the building and a woman, Indonesia representative, who successfully speaks up her idea in front of the world, which one will steal our attention? Or more precise, which one will affect our emotion more?"

News is no more expensive for us. It was precious in the past, but not for today, after the rise of the internet. The internet not only provides speed (like only a millisecond), easy and cheap access, but also provides many topics of the news that we can consume. This choices gives us freedom  to enjoy "the news menu" according to our preference. The news producer cannot fully control our choice, however hard they try,  since the choices is ours. But why, even with this freedom, the negative news tends to make us curious and steal our attention more than the positive one? And why we react quicker to the negative news?

Marc Turssler and Stuart Soroka from Mc Gill University, Canada, try to answer the question by doing some research. The result speaks that people have a tendency to pay attention more to news with negative tones. Most of samples in the research decided to search and read negative news although no one told them to do so. The same result is coming from Cambrige University Press Data about Negativity in Democratic Politics. It concludes, from the data processing, that there is a significant sale improvement (about 30%) experienced by Macean's weekly newsstand magazine when it contains the negative news in it covers. The recent phenomenon emphasizes this result by showing us how the negative news like corruptions, disaster, prostitution, and many more attrack our attention, affect our emotion and also motivate us to react. So, why it happens that way?

Photo from here

Negativity bias - do people dedicate their attention to focus on negative things?

Negativity bias is a psychological principle of the power of negative things as the cause is more effective than the positive one. In simple words, the negatives steal our attention and affect ourselves more effectively than the positives. We only need one simple negative thing to ruin our mind and switch our attention from several positive things. We can apply this principle in many conditions. When someone is enjoying the party with her fellas (positive things) and all of the sudden feels sad only because realizing that some friend gossiping about her behind her back. She just ignores all the positive things only for one negative thing absorbed into her mind in a second. The other sample is a very common event, when someone decided to hate her/his mate only because she/he made a stupid mistake. This someone take all the negative things in her/his mate and forget all the positive things before. Those negativity biases also happen when we face news. We aware more of the negative news and we will try harder to understand it.

This tendency (why it occurs) explained by John T. Cacioppo in his research about brain performance when someone faces the negative and the positive news. According to the result, human brain shows the higher sensitivity when receiving negative information. Our brain reacts faster and stronger when receiving the negative news. This reaction comes naturally as the effort to protect ourselves. We need to process negative news and use it as a consideration to take a step to avoid the negatives. Thats why we pay more attention to it. In the past, people survived by avoiding dangers, so that human  brain conditioned to compile the news and make the avoidance strategy. Unconsciously, we believe that only by understanding the bad news we can avoid  bad things happen to us.

Photo from here

This explanation may direct us to believe that the negativity bias is necessary. But actually, it has some disadvantages, especially when we continue conditioned by it without any control from ourselves.  When we continue focusing on the negative news, we tend to overgeneralize the negative news as the current condition of the world, or worse, as the definition of our life. Finally we live in fear. We see everything in pessimistic perspective. Furthermore, some people take the advantage of negativity bias on the people around them to reach their goal. Fear mongering is coming from using the negativity bias as the strategy to get people attention. The fact spoke that many of us attached (attention or emotion) to the negatives. As the result, we choose to avoid the risk than to try the opportunity. In the end, negativity bias hinders our steps or even points us to take wrong steps.

All of these explanations aim us to take control of our focus on something. Aside from understanding about negativity bias, we need to control it by :

1.       Balancing the input received by our brain by paying attention to the positive news. Get used to search good news and let our brain understand and process it as a strength and a courage (two variables that we need to rise and shine). A neuropsychologist, Rick Hanson P.hD explained that  tilting towards is a strategy to control the negativity bias.
2.       Trying to enjoy and search for the meaning of every good news we get. It is not easy to empathize on something that has nothing to do with us, but it isn't a rocket science tho.
3.       Trying to stop spreading bad news, principally if there is no advantage that we can get from it. Except we may  spread fear to others by spreading negative news, we also sink our mind deeper in negativity.



Muharini Aulia (Clinical Psychologist)


What So Called Quarter Life Crisis and How to face it

Being an adult is something that many teenagers dream of. The freedom and the independence in many aspect of life that follow adulthood, is one of the reason why teenagers are giving their best to reach that phase. Having control is the key (or they think it is the key) to pass the adolescent crisis. But once they reach adulthood, they realize it contain a series of new questions and responsibilities. Adult world “speaks” about freedom in different way. A way that, sometimes, force them to “escape from” instead of “go for” freedom. It is all due to their new rules and new task in a new society.

In the bigger picture, we all knew that “the core dialectic” in early adult is intimacy vs. isolation. Theoretically, an adult have a duty to find someone he/she loves and a job that he/she good at, then experience real intimacy with both. Some of early adult have found their dream job and committed in relationship, some still look for a better position, and the rest still try to figure out what they want to do with their lives. Whatever their situations are, any adult can face a crisis that precipitated by a simple question “is this it?”


What so called “quarter life crisis”
“I am 26. I just finished my master studies in Biology with a perfect A. Now I am working as lecturer at one of the best university in my country. It seems like I am on the top of my young life. Yet, I often feel empty while doing my job. I woke up in the middle of the night, questioning, is this the life I really want? Is this it? ”.

“I still can’t figure out what I’m doing here, in this world. I have no job and gorgeous boyfriend. I feel nothing but totally lost. It’s funny though, I am 30 and I can only describe myself by the word ‘LOST’.”

So now we know the other kind of crisis in human life span besides the adolescent, midlife and late life crisis. It is a quarter life crisis, a crisis that commonly occurs during the age 25 to 35. An adult who experiences this crisis feels confused and lost and scared to take another step in his/her life. There are two forms of quarter life crisis, locked out crisis and locked in crisis. Let’s talk about the former before the latter.

The former happened when someone attempt to find the role in adult life and realize that he/she unable to get what he/she wants. The second example above simply describes this form of crisis. In this crises, some may experience repeated rejections by people, partner or even job. It leads to emotional instability and inferiority. This situation also makes us think that we are not good enough, that we can’t go through this hardship, hence we feel lost.

Meanwhile, the latter happened when someone already made one or more commitments then realize that they don’t really want it. The first example describes this condition perfectly. Someone who experience this crisis feels frustrated and being trapped. He/she continuously questioning “is this it?” “Is this the reason why I live?”. It is very common now to find this crisis case among us. How many times we heard the break up news about the cancelled wedding with “He is not the one I really want to spend my life with” as the reason? How often we witness someone feels stuck in his job and has no idea what he wants to do once he resigned from his office?. Locked in crisis involves inner conflict within one self. On one side, he/she wants to disconnect with anything he/she doubted. And on the other side, he/she scared that this change brings nothing but failure in his/her adult life.

To understand better about the locked in crisis, we need to know the 4 phases in this crisis, those are :
·         The first phase, a young adult finds himself or herself having committed to a particular relationship, job and/or social group, but comes to the realization that this commitment is not in Fact what they want in the long term (Robinson). In this phase, we think that we should not do or take or choose whatever we have done, taken or chosen. We feel stuck in our real life and wondering what if we have an alternative life. This thought will lead us to the second phase, “the emotional peak of crisis”
·         In the second phase, a young adult takes a real step to leave his/her commitments. This big step makes us feel that we lose our identity. We feel scared, angry and guilty. We, again, start questioning about the meaning of our existence. Once we start trying a new way, or taking a new step, we are in the third phase of the crisis.
·         The third phase happened when a young adult adopt a new lifestyle. We explore something new and experience another possibilities. We redesign our values and find a new roles. During this phase, we feel emotionally unstable so we try wholeheartedly to go back to a stable track.
·         When a young adult successfully define his/her new roles, values and goals, they experience the fourth phase of the crisis.

Anyone who experienced the quarter life crisis, have their own personal process to go through it. One may need a short time to find an “exit door”, while the other need to go back to the first phase after trying many things in the third phase, before they committed to the change they’ve made, enjoy they new roles and responsibilities and experience inner peace. Some may suffer a very hard crisis, while the other only need to make a simple step to face the crisis.

One thing we have to underline is that a quarter life crisis is normal. Many people out there pass it and miraculously transform into a better version of themselves. To aware that a quarter life crisis does exist and to understand that it is normal to experience it, are the first way to win the battle. The other ways we can take to pass the crisis are :
·         Don’t ignore it, it happened!
Neglecting the crisis wouldn’t make you feel better. There is nothing to do but to accept the situation and do something to face it.
·         Give yourself a try, not only cry!
In the moment when we feel lost, or scared, or we think that we will stuck in this point forever, please with pleasure give some try to pass it. Don’t just ruminate our condition. Ruminating only offers us the stronger negative feeling that will weaken us. 
·         Don’t run, just take a careful and definite walk
For someone in a quarter life crisis, there are thousand questions that need the answers. Seems like we have to solve a great enigma, or escape the maze. So be careful!! Don’t take a reckless step by running in the hallway. Just walk with a clear mind and a careful consideration. 
·         Take some time to meet our life aspiration
Everyone has their life aspiration. It could be about family, creativity, or any other variables. These life aspiration (in an idea) will remind us what really important in our lives and clarify what we should take or not take.
·         Start comparing ourselves today with ourselves yesterday.
In other words, stop comparing ourselves with others. We will stay lost if we use other people’s point to determine our life track. We can start in the same point but we probably choose a different destination. We potentially have the same aim but we take a different way to reach it. To find a right direction, pay attention to our own maps!!



Reference
Robinson, O. (2015). Emerging Adulthood, Early Adulthood, and Quarter-Life Crisis: Updating Erikson for the Twenty-first Century. In R. Zukauskiene (Ed). Emerging Adulthood in A European Context (pp 17-30). New York: Routledge.



Quarter-Life Crisis

11/01/19


Muharini Aulia (Clinical Psychologist)


What So Called Quarter Life Crisis and How to face it

Being an adult is something that many teenagers dream of. The freedom and the independence in many aspect of life that follow adulthood, is one of the reason why teenagers are giving their best to reach that phase. Having control is the key (or they think it is the key) to pass the adolescent crisis. But once they reach adulthood, they realize it contain a series of new questions and responsibilities. Adult world “speaks” about freedom in different way. A way that, sometimes, force them to “escape from” instead of “go for” freedom. It is all due to their new rules and new task in a new society.

In the bigger picture, we all knew that “the core dialectic” in early adult is intimacy vs. isolation. Theoretically, an adult have a duty to find someone he/she loves and a job that he/she good at, then experience real intimacy with both. Some of early adult have found their dream job and committed in relationship, some still look for a better position, and the rest still try to figure out what they want to do with their lives. Whatever their situations are, any adult can face a crisis that precipitated by a simple question “is this it?”


What so called “quarter life crisis”
“I am 26. I just finished my master studies in Biology with a perfect A. Now I am working as lecturer at one of the best university in my country. It seems like I am on the top of my young life. Yet, I often feel empty while doing my job. I woke up in the middle of the night, questioning, is this the life I really want? Is this it? ”.

“I still can’t figure out what I’m doing here, in this world. I have no job and gorgeous boyfriend. I feel nothing but totally lost. It’s funny though, I am 30 and I can only describe myself by the word ‘LOST’.”

So now we know the other kind of crisis in human life span besides the adolescent, midlife and late life crisis. It is a quarter life crisis, a crisis that commonly occurs during the age 25 to 35. An adult who experiences this crisis feels confused and lost and scared to take another step in his/her life. There are two forms of quarter life crisis, locked out crisis and locked in crisis. Let’s talk about the former before the latter.

The former happened when someone attempt to find the role in adult life and realize that he/she unable to get what he/she wants. The second example above simply describes this form of crisis. In this crises, some may experience repeated rejections by people, partner or even job. It leads to emotional instability and inferiority. This situation also makes us think that we are not good enough, that we can’t go through this hardship, hence we feel lost.

Meanwhile, the latter happened when someone already made one or more commitments then realize that they don’t really want it. The first example describes this condition perfectly. Someone who experience this crisis feels frustrated and being trapped. He/she continuously questioning “is this it?” “Is this the reason why I live?”. It is very common now to find this crisis case among us. How many times we heard the break up news about the cancelled wedding with “He is not the one I really want to spend my life with” as the reason? How often we witness someone feels stuck in his job and has no idea what he wants to do once he resigned from his office?. Locked in crisis involves inner conflict within one self. On one side, he/she wants to disconnect with anything he/she doubted. And on the other side, he/she scared that this change brings nothing but failure in his/her adult life.

To understand better about the locked in crisis, we need to know the 4 phases in this crisis, those are :
·         The first phase, a young adult finds himself or herself having committed to a particular relationship, job and/or social group, but comes to the realization that this commitment is not in Fact what they want in the long term (Robinson). In this phase, we think that we should not do or take or choose whatever we have done, taken or chosen. We feel stuck in our real life and wondering what if we have an alternative life. This thought will lead us to the second phase, “the emotional peak of crisis”
·         In the second phase, a young adult takes a real step to leave his/her commitments. This big step makes us feel that we lose our identity. We feel scared, angry and guilty. We, again, start questioning about the meaning of our existence. Once we start trying a new way, or taking a new step, we are in the third phase of the crisis.
·         The third phase happened when a young adult adopt a new lifestyle. We explore something new and experience another possibilities. We redesign our values and find a new roles. During this phase, we feel emotionally unstable so we try wholeheartedly to go back to a stable track.
·         When a young adult successfully define his/her new roles, values and goals, they experience the fourth phase of the crisis.

Anyone who experienced the quarter life crisis, have their own personal process to go through it. One may need a short time to find an “exit door”, while the other need to go back to the first phase after trying many things in the third phase, before they committed to the change they’ve made, enjoy they new roles and responsibilities and experience inner peace. Some may suffer a very hard crisis, while the other only need to make a simple step to face the crisis.

One thing we have to underline is that a quarter life crisis is normal. Many people out there pass it and miraculously transform into a better version of themselves. To aware that a quarter life crisis does exist and to understand that it is normal to experience it, are the first way to win the battle. The other ways we can take to pass the crisis are :
·         Don’t ignore it, it happened!
Neglecting the crisis wouldn’t make you feel better. There is nothing to do but to accept the situation and do something to face it.
·         Give yourself a try, not only cry!
In the moment when we feel lost, or scared, or we think that we will stuck in this point forever, please with pleasure give some try to pass it. Don’t just ruminate our condition. Ruminating only offers us the stronger negative feeling that will weaken us. 
·         Don’t run, just take a careful and definite walk
For someone in a quarter life crisis, there are thousand questions that need the answers. Seems like we have to solve a great enigma, or escape the maze. So be careful!! Don’t take a reckless step by running in the hallway. Just walk with a clear mind and a careful consideration. 
·         Take some time to meet our life aspiration
Everyone has their life aspiration. It could be about family, creativity, or any other variables. These life aspiration (in an idea) will remind us what really important in our lives and clarify what we should take or not take.
·         Start comparing ourselves today with ourselves yesterday.
In other words, stop comparing ourselves with others. We will stay lost if we use other people’s point to determine our life track. We can start in the same point but we probably choose a different destination. We potentially have the same aim but we take a different way to reach it. To find a right direction, pay attention to our own maps!!



Reference
Robinson, O. (2015). Emerging Adulthood, Early Adulthood, and Quarter-Life Crisis: Updating Erikson for the Twenty-first Century. In R. Zukauskiene (Ed). Emerging Adulthood in A European Context (pp 17-30). New York: Routledge.




Fine motor skills develop tremendously during childhood period. Schools provide children with activities and aquipments to promote them. What parents should know is, we can also help children to develop these skill at home. Parents maybe doubt of their capabilities to do that. But actually we do not need expensive equipments, complicated instruction, or certain place. It can be simple, fun, and cost effective.

First, we should understand “what is fine motor skills”?

Do you ever see your little children struggle to grasp foods? Or hold pencil properly? Or take their toys? Or buttoning their clothes? These task are the examples of fine motor skills. 

Trying to Grasp Fruits
While gross motor skills involve whole body movement and muscles (such as walking, running, jumping, climbing, throwing, and kicking) fine motor skills involves more particular area which are muscles of the hands. Both contribute children’s abilities to perform everyday skills needed, from basic self-care to academic activities. Gross motor skills enable children to sit, stand firmly, move around, endure, and navigate the enviroment. Whereas fine motor skills enact in activities that required deftness of the hands such as writing, drawing, colouring, cutting, fastening the buttons, sticthing, making braid, etc.

So how parents can help?

Children can develop fine motor skills naturally, but parents can encourage them to engage in activities that help to develop them. Amazingly, children find the ideas of these activities by themselves spontaneously. But how if the children did not initiate? You do not have to worry, because every children has their own ways to develop their skills. Parents can do the activity in front of them as model so the children can learn how to do it.

What parents see as ordinary or messy actions, turn out are ways to practice fine motor skills. For example is when children tear papers into pieces or squezze the papers. These action, even as how ruined books or wasted papers as they may seem, can build the hand muscle’s power. Imagine how many efforts they have to do to put powers and control their hands in order to do that actions.

Muscle Power: Tear, Squeeze, then Put Them into Glass
To avoid there will be ruined books, make sure that your valuable books or papers are kept out from children’s reach. Give them unused papers, newspapers, or books.

Spill Fruits into Her Glass
Other activities that children find fascinated them is moving objects. Eventhough it fascinate children, but it could be a very tough job also. They could struggle to grasp the objects they what to move or put the objects into the new place. Moving objects can be opportunity for children to develop their hand’s control and accuracy. We can use objects or equipments that already we have in our house. Like put the wasted papers to basket, transfering water with glass, spoon, or pipette. We can also use schools utensil such as moving pencil into another box.

Transitioning Water 
Put It Back into The Glass
We can also use food ingredients, fruits, or vegetables as material and equipment. Such as moving fruits from one plate to another, tearing vegetable leaves, or just simply pick foods from their plate.

Put Pencils into The Box
Another idea is insert coin or paper into the moneybox. We can also modify to make holes in boxes, jars, or containers so children can insert objects into them. For younger children, make sure this activity under your supervision so there will be no incidents like eat up the coins or papers. Especially for children that still in oral phase.

The Struggle is Real

Insert Coins Into Moneybox
The struggle is real to do this action for younger children. As adult we have to make sure the activities are achievable for children to do it. Put no pressure to the children and make the process to be fun.

We also do not need certain time or place to conduct the activities. Whenever and wherever children want to do these activities, allow them. As long the safety can be assured and parents can clean up the children post activities.

(Novita)

Reference
Kidsense. (2017). Fine Motor Skilss.  Accessed through https://childdevelopment.com.au/areas-of-concern/fine-motor-skills/fine-motor-skills/

Fine Motor Skills Activities for Children

12/03/18


Fine motor skills develop tremendously during childhood period. Schools provide children with activities and aquipments to promote them. What parents should know is, we can also help children to develop these skill at home. Parents maybe doubt of their capabilities to do that. But actually we do not need expensive equipments, complicated instruction, or certain place. It can be simple, fun, and cost effective.

First, we should understand “what is fine motor skills”?

Do you ever see your little children struggle to grasp foods? Or hold pencil properly? Or take their toys? Or buttoning their clothes? These task are the examples of fine motor skills. 

Trying to Grasp Fruits
While gross motor skills involve whole body movement and muscles (such as walking, running, jumping, climbing, throwing, and kicking) fine motor skills involves more particular area which are muscles of the hands. Both contribute children’s abilities to perform everyday skills needed, from basic self-care to academic activities. Gross motor skills enable children to sit, stand firmly, move around, endure, and navigate the enviroment. Whereas fine motor skills enact in activities that required deftness of the hands such as writing, drawing, colouring, cutting, fastening the buttons, sticthing, making braid, etc.

So how parents can help?

Children can develop fine motor skills naturally, but parents can encourage them to engage in activities that help to develop them. Amazingly, children find the ideas of these activities by themselves spontaneously. But how if the children did not initiate? You do not have to worry, because every children has their own ways to develop their skills. Parents can do the activity in front of them as model so the children can learn how to do it.

What parents see as ordinary or messy actions, turn out are ways to practice fine motor skills. For example is when children tear papers into pieces or squezze the papers. These action, even as how ruined books or wasted papers as they may seem, can build the hand muscle’s power. Imagine how many efforts they have to do to put powers and control their hands in order to do that actions.

Muscle Power: Tear, Squeeze, then Put Them into Glass
To avoid there will be ruined books, make sure that your valuable books or papers are kept out from children’s reach. Give them unused papers, newspapers, or books.

Spill Fruits into Her Glass
Other activities that children find fascinated them is moving objects. Eventhough it fascinate children, but it could be a very tough job also. They could struggle to grasp the objects they what to move or put the objects into the new place. Moving objects can be opportunity for children to develop their hand’s control and accuracy. We can use objects or equipments that already we have in our house. Like put the wasted papers to basket, transfering water with glass, spoon, or pipette. We can also use schools utensil such as moving pencil into another box.

Transitioning Water 
Put It Back into The Glass
We can also use food ingredients, fruits, or vegetables as material and equipment. Such as moving fruits from one plate to another, tearing vegetable leaves, or just simply pick foods from their plate.

Put Pencils into The Box
Another idea is insert coin or paper into the moneybox. We can also modify to make holes in boxes, jars, or containers so children can insert objects into them. For younger children, make sure this activity under your supervision so there will be no incidents like eat up the coins or papers. Especially for children that still in oral phase.

The Struggle is Real

Insert Coins Into Moneybox
The struggle is real to do this action for younger children. As adult we have to make sure the activities are achievable for children to do it. Put no pressure to the children and make the process to be fun.

We also do not need certain time or place to conduct the activities. Whenever and wherever children want to do these activities, allow them. As long the safety can be assured and parents can clean up the children post activities.

(Novita)

Reference
Kidsense. (2017). Fine Motor Skilss.  Accessed through https://childdevelopment.com.au/areas-of-concern/fine-motor-skills/fine-motor-skills/


For children, reading can make them live their imagination. As adults we can remember the time our parents read stories or books for us. During that time, we also imagine about the stories we’ve been told. Like “how a sleeping beauty is look like?”, “what are super power a fairy has?” or “how strong a super hero could be?”. Every story that we have been listened or read, encourages our imagination.

Reading lit up imagination

Books compete with various gadgets nowadays. Gadgets more vibrant and enthusiastic visually and in audio. They engage children attention immensely. Now compare with books, only books with pictures that seem interesting for children. Mostly, children only pay attention in pages that contain pictures. But that is the nature of children. They love vibrant colours and pictures. And book do really have serious competitors in  this currents time. How often will children read books if they do not take interest in it?

We do aggree with statement: do not give pressure to young child to be able to read. Reading skill should be taught based on children readiness and development. But reading is not all about able to read the words. Indeed, reading is one of the key skills to learn subjects. But not only that. By reading, we can gain informations, knowledges, experiences, and insights (Wahyuni, 2009). Reading can form one’s point of view and responses toward their life events. So it is important since it could play signifince role in our life.

Reading is a habit that started before children can read. Reading habit does not emerge automatically. It is formed (Pujiastuti, 2010). How do we help them to form it?
  1. Make children familiar with books from early age. Reading interest can be stimulated from the time children were born. In the age of 0-2 years, children’s brain develop rapidly. Around 80% of our brain capacity formed in this period. Children also very receptive in this time, they can absorb everything with strong memory. We can introduce books from this time, make books as their “friends”. Choose books that have bright colours and made from materials that not easily torn, then present to them. Of course the books will be a toy for them, but they will recognize book as fun experience they can choose. Not only playing with dolls, car, or sands, they also indentify reading as fun as those play activities. We can also put books in display, so they feel books are something close to them.
    Set up environmet that make children familiar with books
  2. Give age-appropriate books. It is not relevant to give children text books since children more eager to engange books with full colours, lots of drawings, and lot of pictures. Older children, especially those who already read fluently, are capable to read more text or long stories.
    Children in early age interested in pictures, vibrant colours, contrast colours, and texture (picture from here)
  3. Storytelling or read aloud with children. It is important that children enjoy reading activities. To make it fun, we can read them with storytelling way. In dynamic tone, role play, various expression, sing, and converse of what we read. With the child that already able to read, we can read along with them or make a role play of the story with them.
  4. Give example. Children memorize and imitate what their parents do. Read regularly. Not only books of course, like newspapers or other sources that improve our knowledge. It can lit their love for reading.



(Laelatus Syifa S. A. & Novita)


References

Pujiastuti, A. (2010). Reading Interest Improvement Among Early Age Children through Story with Pictures in Griup B Dharma Putera II Genukharjo Kindergaten. Thesis. University of Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Wahyuni, S. (2009). Stimulate Reading Interest for Literate Society. Diksi 16 (2). https://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/diksi/article/view/6617



Reading Can Be Fun Activity for Children

12/02/18


For children, reading can make them live their imagination. As adults we can remember the time our parents read stories or books for us. During that time, we also imagine about the stories we’ve been told. Like “how a sleeping beauty is look like?”, “what are super power a fairy has?” or “how strong a super hero could be?”. Every story that we have been listened or read, encourages our imagination.

Reading lit up imagination

Books compete with various gadgets nowadays. Gadgets more vibrant and enthusiastic visually and in audio. They engage children attention immensely. Now compare with books, only books with pictures that seem interesting for children. Mostly, children only pay attention in pages that contain pictures. But that is the nature of children. They love vibrant colours and pictures. And book do really have serious competitors in  this currents time. How often will children read books if they do not take interest in it?

We do aggree with statement: do not give pressure to young child to be able to read. Reading skill should be taught based on children readiness and development. But reading is not all about able to read the words. Indeed, reading is one of the key skills to learn subjects. But not only that. By reading, we can gain informations, knowledges, experiences, and insights (Wahyuni, 2009). Reading can form one’s point of view and responses toward their life events. So it is important since it could play signifince role in our life.

Reading is a habit that started before children can read. Reading habit does not emerge automatically. It is formed (Pujiastuti, 2010). How do we help them to form it?
  1. Make children familiar with books from early age. Reading interest can be stimulated from the time children were born. In the age of 0-2 years, children’s brain develop rapidly. Around 80% of our brain capacity formed in this period. Children also very receptive in this time, they can absorb everything with strong memory. We can introduce books from this time, make books as their “friends”. Choose books that have bright colours and made from materials that not easily torn, then present to them. Of course the books will be a toy for them, but they will recognize book as fun experience they can choose. Not only playing with dolls, car, or sands, they also indentify reading as fun as those play activities. We can also put books in display, so they feel books are something close to them.
    Set up environmet that make children familiar with books
  2. Give age-appropriate books. It is not relevant to give children text books since children more eager to engange books with full colours, lots of drawings, and lot of pictures. Older children, especially those who already read fluently, are capable to read more text or long stories.
    Children in early age interested in pictures, vibrant colours, contrast colours, and texture (picture from here)
  3. Storytelling or read aloud with children. It is important that children enjoy reading activities. To make it fun, we can read them with storytelling way. In dynamic tone, role play, various expression, sing, and converse of what we read. With the child that already able to read, we can read along with them or make a role play of the story with them.
  4. Give example. Children memorize and imitate what their parents do. Read regularly. Not only books of course, like newspapers or other sources that improve our knowledge. It can lit their love for reading.



(Laelatus Syifa S. A. & Novita)


References

Pujiastuti, A. (2010). Reading Interest Improvement Among Early Age Children through Story with Pictures in Griup B Dharma Putera II Genukharjo Kindergaten. Thesis. University of Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Wahyuni, S. (2009). Stimulate Reading Interest for Literate Society. Diksi 16 (2). https://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/diksi/article/view/6617



Do you have difficulties to manage cooking time? A short time to prepare the foods while children need some attentions, is situation that often found in family daily life. Especially with baby or toddler in it. If take children to sleep were not the option, then we can give children some activities that keep them busy.

What kind of activity?

You can give your children time to take free play. Let them choose whatever play or toy they want to do. But it is not always the solution, isn’t? Children can be easily bored by their already ‘played for many times’ activities or toys.

If these are the cases, just try to involve the children into the kitchen activities. Is it dangerous? Of course parents can put the safety first. To do this, other than make the activities under our supervision, we should also consider age appropriate task and equipments.  

Age appropriate task: tear vegetable leaves
For 2-3 years old children we can supervise them to rinse vegetable (or fruit), tear vegetable, pour ingredients, mold, or simply give them small amount of vegetables to do whatever they want to do. For children age 4-6, we can give them opportunity to measure ingredients, cut with age approriate knife (butter knife or specially made knife), pour, mix, peeling skinny food (egg, fruit, banana, etc), and serve foods in simple way.


Develop motoric skills: making the dough
For older children, they can be more independent to read and follow the recipes. They also can select ingredients and use various kitchen equipments. If they ready, we can also give them opportunity to help wash the dishes.

Age appropriate cooking and baking activities, positively influence children. A  research about programmed cooking activities in schools showed that cooking programs can influence children’s food-related preferences. Such as preference toward vegetables and fruits lead to more healthy foods and habits (Hersch, Perdue, Ambroz, & Boucher, 2014). But cooking or baking at home doesn’t has to be programmed or structured. We can just go with the flow, looking forward what ingredients are available and what activities can be engage.

Cooking and baking activities set opportunity for bonding between children and parents, strenghten by interaction throughout the activities. Children can feel and memorize them as fun experience with their parents. These activities also can serve a fun way to train children to follow direction and gain confindence. The mastery of cooking or baking skills can boost their self-efficacy, that believe that they can (Leslie&Barbara, 2013). But do not expect children to do the job perfectly or nearly well as adults. Praise them for their effort and intention to help.

Identifying shapes: mould dough into pieces with shapes

Cooking and baking activities also serve a great way to develop children’s fine motoric skills. For examples through tear spinach leaves, crack eggs, and mould dough. Children also can learn about taste, smell, colour, and shape since they encounter directly with various vegetables, fruits, and ingredients. Basic mathematics can be taught also through measure the ingredients, count fish, and count donuts that have been made.

Counting: How many donats will we make?

And guess what? We can also explain about science! There are so many real life example of science in kitchen activities. The change of colour, the swell of dough, create colour from other colours mixture, and the change of food forms. We can explain how these phenomena can happen. We can explain in simple way for younger children, fitting their understanding.

It is an idea that not too difficult we can attempt to. We do not need expensive materials or tools. We can use what we have in our kitchen and ask children what activities they want to do. So, let's cook kids!


(Novita)

References

Hersch, D., Perdue, L., Ambroz, T. & Boucher, J. L. (2014). The Impact of Cooking Classes on Food-Related Preferences, Attitudes, and Behaviors of School-Aged Children: A Systematic Review of The Evidence, 2003-2014. Preventing Chronic Disease 2014. 11. 140267. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/ped11.140267.

Leslie, C.S.& Lohse, B. (2013). Cooking with Kids Positively Affects Fouth Graders’ Vegetable Preferences and Attitudes and Self-Efficacy for Food and Cooking. Childhood Obesity 2013. 9 (6): 549-556. https://doi.org/10.1089/chi.2013.0076.

The Advantages of Cooking and Baking with Children at Home

11/02/18

Do you have difficulties to manage cooking time? A short time to prepare the foods while children need some attentions, is situation that often found in family daily life. Especially with baby or toddler in it. If take children to sleep were not the option, then we can give children some activities that keep them busy.

What kind of activity?

You can give your children time to take free play. Let them choose whatever play or toy they want to do. But it is not always the solution, isn’t? Children can be easily bored by their already ‘played for many times’ activities or toys.

If these are the cases, just try to involve the children into the kitchen activities. Is it dangerous? Of course parents can put the safety first. To do this, other than make the activities under our supervision, we should also consider age appropriate task and equipments.  

Age appropriate task: tear vegetable leaves
For 2-3 years old children we can supervise them to rinse vegetable (or fruit), tear vegetable, pour ingredients, mold, or simply give them small amount of vegetables to do whatever they want to do. For children age 4-6, we can give them opportunity to measure ingredients, cut with age approriate knife (butter knife or specially made knife), pour, mix, peeling skinny food (egg, fruit, banana, etc), and serve foods in simple way.


Develop motoric skills: making the dough
For older children, they can be more independent to read and follow the recipes. They also can select ingredients and use various kitchen equipments. If they ready, we can also give them opportunity to help wash the dishes.

Age appropriate cooking and baking activities, positively influence children. A  research about programmed cooking activities in schools showed that cooking programs can influence children’s food-related preferences. Such as preference toward vegetables and fruits lead to more healthy foods and habits (Hersch, Perdue, Ambroz, & Boucher, 2014). But cooking or baking at home doesn’t has to be programmed or structured. We can just go with the flow, looking forward what ingredients are available and what activities can be engage.

Cooking and baking activities set opportunity for bonding between children and parents, strenghten by interaction throughout the activities. Children can feel and memorize them as fun experience with their parents. These activities also can serve a fun way to train children to follow direction and gain confindence. The mastery of cooking or baking skills can boost their self-efficacy, that believe that they can (Leslie&Barbara, 2013). But do not expect children to do the job perfectly or nearly well as adults. Praise them for their effort and intention to help.

Identifying shapes: mould dough into pieces with shapes

Cooking and baking activities also serve a great way to develop children’s fine motoric skills. For examples through tear spinach leaves, crack eggs, and mould dough. Children also can learn about taste, smell, colour, and shape since they encounter directly with various vegetables, fruits, and ingredients. Basic mathematics can be taught also through measure the ingredients, count fish, and count donuts that have been made.

Counting: How many donats will we make?

And guess what? We can also explain about science! There are so many real life example of science in kitchen activities. The change of colour, the swell of dough, create colour from other colours mixture, and the change of food forms. We can explain how these phenomena can happen. We can explain in simple way for younger children, fitting their understanding.

It is an idea that not too difficult we can attempt to. We do not need expensive materials or tools. We can use what we have in our kitchen and ask children what activities they want to do. So, let's cook kids!


(Novita)

References

Hersch, D., Perdue, L., Ambroz, T. & Boucher, J. L. (2014). The Impact of Cooking Classes on Food-Related Preferences, Attitudes, and Behaviors of School-Aged Children: A Systematic Review of The Evidence, 2003-2014. Preventing Chronic Disease 2014. 11. 140267. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/ped11.140267.

Leslie, C.S.& Lohse, B. (2013). Cooking with Kids Positively Affects Fouth Graders’ Vegetable Preferences and Attitudes and Self-Efficacy for Food and Cooking. Childhood Obesity 2013. 9 (6): 549-556. https://doi.org/10.1089/chi.2013.0076.

Our Team

Children development enthusiats. We may not the most expert ones, just try to share our thoughts. Further discussion very welcomed.

Novita
Aspiring Writer and Psychologist

Co-Authors

A blogger and freelance writer. Interested in children development and psychological research especially in mental health screening instruments. Based in Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia. Email: novita0111@gmail.com

Laelatus Syifa Sari Agustina
Psychologist and Lecturer based in Solo, Central Java

Co-Authors

A nature lover and mountain climber. Graduated master degree from University of Gadjah Mada. Interested in psychodrama, art therapy, and mental health issues in society. Email: laelatussyifa.sa@gmail.com

Devita Septiani Nursalim
Psychologist and Lecturer based in Jakarta

Associate Psychologist

Experienced psychologist in I/O and college teaching. Graduated master degree from University of Gadjah Mada. Main interest in children development. Email: devitanursalim@gmail.com

Mistety Oktaviana
Psychologist and Lecturer based in Jakarta

Associate Psychologist

A dedicated lecturer and got bunch of experiences in psycholocal assessment. Graduated master degree from University of Gadjah Mada. Main interest in clinical child and adult psychology. Email: mistety.oktaviana@gmail.com

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